Costs To Society
The National Institute of Justice provides information on the billions of dollars that come from the government (The Justice Department), state agencies and our income taxes. What happens when a victim can’t pay bills? Lose their job and home? As we follow not only the direct victims but those in the lives of these victims, the aftermath of just one incident can touch hundreds and last a lifetime.
Who pays the crime bill?
According to the National Institute of Justice, “insurers pay $45 billion annually due to crime. That’s $265 per American adult. Government pays $8 billion annually for restorative and emergency services to victims, plus perhaps one-fourth of the $11 billion in health insurance payments.
Crime victims and their families pay the bill for some crimes, while the public largely pays the bill for others. Taxpayers and insurance purchasers cover almost all the tangible victim costs of arson and drunk driving. They cover $9 billion of the $19 billion in tangible nonservice costs of larceny, burglary, and motor vehicle theft. They cover few of the tangible expenses of other crimes.
Victims pay about $44 billion of the $57 billion in tangible non-service expenses for traditional crimes of violence – murder, rape, robbery, assault and abuse and neglect. Employers pay almost $5 billion because of these crimes, primarily in their health insurance bills. (The estimate excludes sick leave and disability insurance costs other than workers’ compensation.) Government bears the remaining costs through lost tax revenues and Medicare and Medicaid payments.
Crime victim compensation accounts for 38 percent of homeowners’ insurance payments and 29 percent of auto insurance payments.
Cost of Violent Crimes
Crime generates substantial costs to society at individual, community, and national levels. In the United States, more than 23 million criminal offenses were committed in 2007, resulting in approximately $15 billion in economic losses to the victims and $179 billion in government expenditures on police protection, judicial and legal activities, and corrections. Programs that directly or indirectly prevent crime can therefore generate substantial economic benefits by reducing crime-related costs incurred by victims, communities, and the criminal justice system.
Substance abuse treatment is one example of an intervention that not only has the potential to improve individual lives through recovery from addiction but also may generate significant economic benefits to society by reducing addiction-related crime. Numerous studies have documented the strong relationship between substance use and crime, and although causality between the two has not been conclusively established, U.S. statistics show that more than 50% of state and federal inmates used drugs in the month prior to committing the offense for which they were incarcerated and that more than a quarter of all offenders were using drugs at the time of their offense. Most substance abuse treatment evaluations use standard assessment instruments such as the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) and Global Appraisal of Individual Needs (GAIN), which include measures of criminal activity or legal problems. Economists can therefore use these criminal activity measures to estimate the dollar benefits of substance abuse interventions if they have access to current and reliable unit cost estimates for individual crimes. Many of the crime cost estimates currently available to analysts are more than ten years old and were generated from even older data.
The Cost of Crime to Society Full Study:
Cost of Domestic Violence:
Cost of Gun Violence:
70,000 Americans per year are victims of gun violence
Research from a Courts and Hospital study states in 2010, 12 billion dollars was spent in relation to gun shot occurancies.
Medical & Work lost costs according to “The Justice Department” was 68 billion dollars in 2010.
– From Huffington Post
Shootings Cost $174 billion Annually in the U.S. Bloomberg News